Trends in stroke mortality and incidence in Finland in the 1970s and 1980s

Ann Epidemiol. 1993 Sep;3(5):519-23. doi: 10.1016/1047-2797(93)90108-g.


This article presents trends in stroke mortality and incidence in Finland among people aged 25 to 74 years. Between 1971 and 1980, stroke mortality declined steeply: 4.1% per year among men and 5.5% per year among women. Between 1981 and 1991 the decline was smaller; about 2.2% per year in men and 2.8% per year in women. The North Karelia stroke register showed that stroke mortality declined in men from 155 per 100,000 per year in 1972 to 1973, to 87 per 100,000 per year in 1982 to 1983, and in women from 114 to 44 per 100,000 per year. A slight decline in mortality was observed during the 1980s in men, but not in women. The incidence of stroke also declined in North Karelia during the 1970s, from 328 to 248 per 100,000 per year in men, and from 230 to 141 per 100,000 in women. In the FINMONICA stroke register, the average rate of decline in incidence of stroke between 1983 and 1989 was 1.7% per year in men and 1.8% per year in women. Declines in incidence and mortality from subarachnoid hemorrhage were observed in both men and women; nevertheless it was the decline in cerebral infarction that accounted for most of the changes since about 80% of all strokes are cerebral infarctions. In conclusion, despite steep falls in stroke mortality and incidence in the 1970s, stroke mortality is still high in Finland compared with other nations. During the 1980s, the decline in stroke mortality was less and incidence leveled off until it resumed from 1987 to 1989.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / mortality
  • Female
  • Finland / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged