Comparison of curve shape between children with cerebral palsy, Friedreich's ataxia, and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Dev Med Child Neurol. 1994 May;36(5):412-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.1994.tb11867.x.


Fourteen patients with cerebral palsy (CP), 12 with Friedreich's ataxia (FA) and 26 with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) were studied to determine whether the shape of the scoliosis curve differs between these categories. The slope of the regression relationship between vertebral rotation and lateral deviation was greater for the CP group compared with the FA and AIS groups. The authors conclude that the scoliosis curve pattern of children with Friedreich's ataxia and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is similar. In contrast, the scoliosis curve of children with CP was distinctly different, with more rotation of the apical vertebrae into the convexity of the scoliosis curve (transverse plane deformity) in relation to the amount of lateral deviation of the apical vertebrae from the spinal axis (coronal plane deformity).

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Anthropometry
  • Cerebral Palsy / diagnosis*
  • Cerebral Palsy / diagnostic imaging
  • Cerebral Palsy / pathology
  • Child
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Friedreich Ataxia / diagnosis*
  • Friedreich Ataxia / diagnostic imaging
  • Friedreich Ataxia / pathology
  • Humans
  • Radiography
  • Scoliosis / diagnosis*
  • Scoliosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Scoliosis / pathology
  • Spine / diagnostic imaging
  • Spine / pathology*
  • Thoracic Vertebrae / diagnostic imaging
  • Thoracic Vertebrae / pathology