Effect of fish oil on cancer cachexia and host liver metabolism in rats with prostate tumors

Lipids. 1994 Mar;29(3):195-203. doi: 10.1007/BF02536729.


The aim of this study was to investigate whether tumor-induced cachexia and aberrations in host liver metabolism, induced by the MAT-LyLu variant of the Dunning prostate tumor, could be prevented by omega 3 fatty acids from fish oil. On day 0, adult Copenhagen-Fisher rats fed normal chow ad libitum were inoculated with 10(6) MAT-LyLu cells (n = 14) or saline (n = 9). On day 7, when tumors were palpable, four tumor-bearing (TB) and four nontumor-bearing (NTB) rats were put on isocaloric diets with 50% of total energy as fish oil. The introduction of fish oil-enriched diets caused a reduction in energy intake to less than half of the energy intake by animals fed normal diets during days 7-14 (difference by dietary group: NTB, P < 0.001; TB, P < 0.001). During days 14-21, energy intake in fish oil-fed animals returned to approximately 75% of energy intake by animals fed normal diets (difference by dietary group: NTB, P < 0.003; TB, P = 0.001). Carcass weight of animals on day 21, when the study was terminated, was significantly related to initial weight (P = 0.05) and mean food intake during the study (P = 0.01). When data were adjusted for these variables using analysis of covariance, with NTB animals on normal diets being the reference group, significant loss of carcass weight was observed in TB animals on normal diets only (mean +/- SEM 58 +/- 10 g loss, P < 0.001), but not in TB animals on fish oil diets (8 +/- 18 g loss, P = 0.67).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Body Weight
  • Cachexia / diet therapy*
  • Cachexia / etiology
  • Eating
  • Fish Oils / pharmacology*
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Liver / drug effects
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Liver / pathology
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Male
  • Neoplasm Transplantation
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains


  • Fish Oils