[The tinnitus questionnaire. A standard instrument for grading the degree of tinnitus. Results of a multicenter study with the tinnitus questionnaire]

HNO. 1994 Mar;42(3):166-72.
[Article in German]


The clinical examination of patients with severe and chronic tinnitus must include associated psychological disturbances. The present paper describes traditional diagnostic methods of ENT practice as well as the Tinnitus Questionnaire (TQ) which has been evaluated in a number of studies. This instrument differentiates between emotional and cognitive distress, auditory perceptual difficulties and self-experienced intrusiveness produced by the tinnitus. The results of a German multicenter study are presented which show that the TQ can be used to demonstrate differences of tinnitus distress under different clinical conditions (e.g., ENT clinic vs psychosomatic clinic and in- vs out-patient care). The TQ can be employed for comparative studies in different tinnitus-related institutions and for the evaluation of the relative effects of different treatment approaches.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cost of Illness
  • Female
  • Germany
  • Hearing Disorders / classification
  • Hearing Disorders / psychology
  • Hearing Disorders / therapy
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain Measurement
  • Sick Role
  • Tinnitus / classification*
  • Tinnitus / psychology
  • Tinnitus / therapy