Anterior transfer of the toe flexors for equinovarus deformity due to hemiplegia

J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1994 May;76(3):447-9.


We report the results of transfer of the long toe flexors and lengthening of the calcaneal tendon in 33 patients with equinovarus deformity requiring orthoses after a stroke. Review of 29 patients more than two years after surgery showed that 21 were able to walk without an orthosis. Equinovarus deformity had recurred in six patients and hammer toe in 11, but walking ability without bracing was still better in seven of these. Results are improved by the release of the short toe flexors.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / complications
  • Clubfoot / etiology*
  • Clubfoot / surgery*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hemiplegia / complications*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Tendon Transfer / methods*
  • Toes
  • Walking