Smoking status and mammography in a statewide survey

Addict Behav. Nov-Dec 1993;18(6):691-6. doi: 10.1016/0306-4603(93)90022-2.


The association between smoking status and mammography was examined for women aged 40 to 75 (n = 2902), who were recruited through a statewide random digit dial survey. Controlling for income, education, age, marital status, ethnicity, and self-rated health, logistic regression showed that current smokers were less likely to be screened on each of three indicators of mammography status. Less than a high school education, income less than $20,000, martial status, and age also showed associations with screening. Having a recent medical visit was important for screening specifically among the women who smoked (n = 851). Smoking may pose a challenge to achieving national mammography goals.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Breast Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Breast Neoplasms / psychology
  • Female
  • Health Behavior
  • Humans
  • Mammography / psychology*
  • Mass Screening / psychology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care*
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / adverse effects
  • Smoking / psychology*