Reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography analysis of arachidonic acid metabolites in plasma after stimulation of whole blood ex vivo

Anal Biochem. 1994 Feb 1;216(2):392-400. doi: 10.1006/abio.1994.1057.


Following the stimulation of heparinized blood ex vivo, aliquots of plasma were denatured with organic solvents containing the internal standards prostaglandin (PG) B2 and 19-hydroxy-PGB2. Precipitated material was removed by centrifugation and the supernatants were directly analyzed by reverse-phase HPLC with on-line extraction and uv detection. Stimulation of blood with A23187 lead to the formation of both leukocyte and platelet arachidonic acid metabolites as the 5-lipoxygenase products leukotriene (LT) B4, 5-hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-HETE), 20-hydroxy-LTB4 and 20-carboxy-LTB4, the 12-lipoxygenase product 12-HETE, and the cyclooxygenase product 12-hydroxy-heptadecatrienoic acid (HHTrE) were detected in plasma; in some plasma samples LTC4 and/or LTE4 were also detected. Stimulation of blood with zymosan lead to the synthesis of LTB4 and 5-HETE as major products and of 12-HETE. Recoveries of 20-hydroxy-LTB4, LTB4, 5-HETE, 12-HETE, and HHTrE added to plasma were high (> or = 90%) while those of LTC4 and LTE4 were lower (50-70%); however, washing of the precipitated protein pellet resulted in > 90% recoveries for all metabolites including the cysteinyl-leukotrienes. Levels of arachidonic acid metabolites in native plasma samples stored at -20 degrees C were stable for at least 28 days, while significant loss of material was observed over the same period of time in denatured plasma samples. Finally, we made the critical observation that the capacity for A23187- (but not zymosan-, ionomycin-, or LPS and FMLP-) induced arachidonic acid metabolite synthesis in blood decreased by 80% within 1 h of blood collection.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Animals
  • Anticoagulants / pharmacology*
  • Arachidonic Acid / blood*
  • Calcimycin / pharmacology*
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / methods
  • Eosinophils / drug effects
  • Eosinophils / metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Indoles / pharmacology
  • Kinetics
  • Leukotriene Antagonists
  • Leukotriene B4 / biosynthesis
  • Leukotriene B4 / blood
  • Middle Aged
  • Quinolines / pharmacology
  • Rabbits
  • Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet
  • Stimulation, Chemical
  • Synovial Fluid / drug effects
  • Synovial Fluid / metabolism
  • Time Factors
  • Zymosan / pharmacology*


  • Anticoagulants
  • Indoles
  • Leukotriene Antagonists
  • Quinolines
  • MK 0591
  • Leukotriene B4
  • Arachidonic Acid
  • Calcimycin
  • Zymosan