Cloning of the Human Homologue of the Murine flt3 Ligand: A Growth Factor for Early Hematopoietic Progenitor Cells

Blood. 1994 May 15;83(10):2795-801.

Abstract

Using a fragment of the murine flt3 ligand as a probe, we have succeeded in cloning a human flt3 ligand from a human T-cell lambda gt10 cDNA library. The human and murine ligands are 72% identical at the amino acid level. Analysis of multiple cDNA clones shows that alternative splicing of the human flt3 mRNA can occur at a number of positions. A recombinant soluble form of the human flt3 ligand stimulates the proliferation and colony formation of a subpopulation of human bone marrow cells that are CD34+ and are enriched for primitive hematopoietic cells. In addition, the human flt3 ligand also stimulates the proliferation of cells expressing murine flt3 receptors. Northern blot analysis shows widespread expression of flt3 ligand mRNA transcripts in human tissues.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Hematopoietic Cell Growth Factors / biosynthesis
  • Hematopoietic Cell Growth Factors / genetics*
  • Hematopoietic Cell Growth Factors / pharmacology
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Ligands
  • Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / pharmacology
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism*
  • RNA Splicing
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Recombinant Proteins / pharmacology
  • fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3

Substances

  • Hematopoietic Cell Growth Factors
  • Ligands
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • FLT3 protein, human
  • Flt3 protein, mouse
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3

Associated data

  • GENBANK/U03858