A New Technique for Biopsy of Human Abdominal Fat Under Local Anaesthesia With Lidocaine

Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1994 Mar;18(3):161-6.

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to develop a new technique to safety, reliably, and in a cosmetically acceptable way, obtain more than 5.0 g of abdominal subcutaneous fat in out-patients, and to investigate whether inhibitory effects of a local anaesthetic on adipose tissue function in vitro are sufficient argument against the use of infiltrative local anaesthesia during fat biopsy to obtain samples for metabolic studies. Measurements were obtained to compare glucose transport and lipolysis response to insulin in adipocytes isolated from subcutaneous abdominal fat obtained: (i) during elective surgery in eight women and four men (BMI 25.8 +/- 3.1 kg/m2); and (ii) from five male and three female out-patients (BMI 25.8 +/- 3.1 kg/m2) by the described novel technique performed under local anaesthesia with Lidocaine. The effects of acute and 11-day exposure to Lidocaine in vitro on adipocyte lipolysis and glucose transport response to insulin, and the growth potential were determined. In vivo exposure of the tissue samples to local anaesthetic by the novel technique had no apparent effect on isolated adipocyte responses to insulin by stimulation of glucose transport or by inhibitor- or adrenaline-stimulated lipolysis; the results were not different to those for adipocytes isolated from fat obtained during elective abdominal surgeries. Lidocaine added in vitro potently inhibited glucose transport and lipolysis in adipocytes, and cell attachment and growth in primary 'ceiling' culture; this effect persisted only as long as Lidocaine was present. After washing, adipocytes fully regained their function and growth regardless of the exposure period, as short as 30 min or as long as 11 days.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Abdomen*
  • Adipocytes / drug effects*
  • Adipocytes / metabolism
  • Adipose Tissue*
  • Anesthesia, Local*
  • Biological Transport / drug effects
  • Biopsy / methods*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Female
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Insulin / pharmacology
  • Lidocaine / pharmacology*
  • Lipolysis
  • Male
  • Middle Aged

Substances

  • Insulin
  • Lidocaine
  • Glucose