Intensive preoperative radiotherapy with local hyperthermia for the treatment of gastric carcinoma

Surg Oncol. 1994 Feb;3(1):37-44. doi: 10.1016/0960-7404(94)90022-1.


In order to devitalize maximally tumour tissue and improve the prognosis of gastric cancer patients, a method employing preoperative intensive radiotherapy with local hyperthermia as adjuvant treatment was evaluated. In order to estimate the effectiveness of preoperative intensive radiation and radiation with local microwave hyperthermia in radical gastric cancer treatment, 293 patients were randomized into three respective treatment groups: surgery alone, surgery preceded by preoperative radiation; and surgery followed by preoperative radiation and hyperthermia. Preoperative radiation therapy to a total dose of 20 Gy in four 5 Gy fractions did not improve 3- or 5-year survival in gastric cancer patients in comparison with surgery alone. Local hyperthermia in combination with radiation therapy followed by surgery produced a significant improvement in 3-year survival of 22.1% (from 35.5 +/- 4.9% to 57.6 +/- 6.3%, P < 0.05) and 5-year survival of 21.3% (from 30.1 +/- 4.7 to 51.4 +/- 6.6%, P < 0.05). In unresectable gastric cancer patients, radiation therapy and radiation therapy with hyperthermia both increase mean survival. In conclusion; intensive preoperative radiation therapy in total dose 20 Gy plus local microwave hyperthermia significantly improved 3- and 5-year survival in comparison with surgery alone. Further development and evaluation of equipment to produce reliable and safe delivery systems for hyperthermia is needed.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperthermia, Induced*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Radiotherapy Dosage
  • Stomach Neoplasms / mortality
  • Stomach Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • Stomach Neoplasms / surgery
  • Stomach Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Survival Rate