Intraocular T-cell lymphoma mimicking a ring melanoma. First manifestation of systemic disease. Report of a case and survey of the literature

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 1994 Mar;232(3):148-52. doi: 10.1007/BF00176784.


A case is presented of an intraocular T-cell lymphoma mimicking a ring melanoma of the iris and being the first manifestation of systemic disease. A 51-year-old woman was referred with an anterior uveitis, initially presenting as a granulomatous iritis. Nodules had developed in the circumference and the lesion now imitated a malignant melanoma of the iris, which was also the diagnosis from a biopsy specimen with routine staining. Clinical, haematological and serological examination revealed no other symptoms or signs. Lymphocytic markers applied to the biopsy specimen and to the enucleated eye revealed a highly malignant T-cell lymphoma infiltrating the iris, ciliary body, anterior choroid, retina and the adjacent vitreous body. Further examination later showed T-cell lymphoma in the bone marrow, the only other organ involved. The patient died in a leukaemic phase about 1 year after the first admission. Previous cases of T-cell lymphoma with ocular involvement are reviewed.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ciliary Body / pathology*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Iris Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology*
  • Melanoma / pathology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Uveal Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Uveitis, Anterior / complications