Thirty microsatellite loci were assigned to the Arabidopsis linkage map. Several microsatellite sequences in Arabidopsis DNA were found by searching the EMBL and GenBank databases, and a number of these were subsequently found to detect polymorphisms between different Arabidopsis strains by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). After the presence of microsatellites in Arabidopsis and their utility for genetic mapping had been demonstrated, systematic screening for (CA)n and (GA)n sequences was carried out on marker-selected plasmid libraries and a small-insert genomic library. Positive clones were sequenced, PCR primers flanking the repeats were synthesized, and PCR was carried out on different strains to look for useful polymorphisms. Surprisingly, of 18 (CA)n repeats (n > 13), only one was polymorphic. In contrast, 25 of 30 (GA)n repeats, 2 of 3 (AT)n repeats, and 2 of 4 (A)n repeats were polymorphic. The majority of the (CA)n repeats were complex, with adjacent short di-, tri-, or tetranucleotide repeats, whereas most of the (GA)n, (TA)n, and (A)n repeats were simple. The (CA)n repeats were also refractory to PCR analysis, requiring extensive optimization of PCR conditions, whereas the other repeat classes were mostly amplified with a single set of standard conditions. When polymorphisms were detected, the microsatellites were mapped using a set of recombinant inbred lines originating from a cross between the strains Columbia and Landsberg erecta.