The procyclin-associated genes (PAGs) of Trypanosoma brucei are located downstream of tandemly repeated procyclin genes and belong to the same alpha-amanitin-resistant polycistronic transcription units. In procyclic form trypanosomes the PAG 1 pre-mRNA is alternatively spliced to give rise to three transcripts of 2.7 kb, 1.8 kb and 1.3 kb. The two larger transcripts contain additional short open reading frames (ORFs) upstream of the major ORF. Trans-splicing to generate these transcripts occurs downstream of three different polypyrimidine tracts. A minor population of procyclin mRNAs is also generated by alternative splicing at a polypyrimidine tract that begins 524 bp upstream of the major splice acceptor site of the procyclin beta-gene. The same polypyrimidine tract is also required for accurate polyadenylation of mRNAs from the upstream procyclin alpha-gene (1). Alternatively polyadenylated forms of PAG 1 mRNAs can also be detected. All polyadenylation sites are found at a similar distance upstream of splice-acceptor sites, in each case with a polypyrimidine tract between them. Our results point to a dual role for polypyrimidine tracts in the maturation of trypanosome mRNAs.