Results of craniotomy for the treatment of cerebral meningioma in 42 cats

Vet Surg. Mar-Apr 1994;23(2):94-100. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-950x.1994.tb00452.x.


Forty-two cats underwent craniotomy for removal of a meningioma between 1985 and 1991. Median duration of clinical signs before examination was 1.25 months. All cats had inappropriate demeanor: 48% were dull and 38% were lethargic. Neurological deficits included impaired vision in 93%, paresis in 83%, and seizures in 19%. Computed tomography (CT) showed solitary masses in 86% and multiple masses in 14%. Intraoperative complications included hemorrhage and difficulty excising deep or adherent masses. Anemia in 13 of 42 cats was the most common immediate postoperative complication. Ten of 42 cats had no improvement or a more severe neurological status after surgery. Eight of 42 cats died immediately after surgery; 6 of these were anemic. Of the cats that survived the immediate postoperative period, evaluation 10 to 14 days after surgery showed that 97% (33 of 34) were alert and 79% (27 of 34) had returned to normal behavior. Neurological deficits, except for vision impairment, had resolved in most cats. The duration of follow-up varied from 1.3 months to 55.1 months. Ten cats developed neurological abnormalities from 1 month to 44.2 months after surgery; of these, 6 had tumor recurrence or new growth confirmed by CT scan or necropsy. Overall survival was 71% at 6 months, 66% at 1 year, and 50% at 2 years. Age of cat and location of tumor did not significantly affect survival (P = .1034 and .1851, respectively). There were too few precise measurements of tumor size to make a valid statistical comparison of the effect of size on survival. Location or presence of multiple tumors did not affect final outcome.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cat Diseases / surgery*
  • Cats
  • Craniotomy / veterinary*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Male
  • Meningeal Neoplasms / surgery
  • Meningeal Neoplasms / veterinary*
  • Meningioma / surgery
  • Meningioma / veterinary*
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / veterinary
  • Nervous System Diseases / etiology
  • Nervous System Diseases / veterinary
  • Postoperative Complications / veterinary
  • Retrospective Studies