Cementless total hip arthroplasty in patients with steroid-induced avascular necrosis of the hip. A 62-month follow-up study

Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1994 Jun:(303):147-54.

Abstract

Twenty cementless porous-coated primary total hip arthroplasties (THA) were performed on 15 patients, all of whom were diagnosed with steroid-induced avascular necrosis (AVN). The average age of the patients at the time of surgery was 45 years. Minimum follow-up period for all patients was 24 months (average follow-up period: 62 months). Patients were rated using the modified Harris hip score, as well as serial radiographs. The average hip score at follow-up examination was 88, with 17 of the 20 hips having good or excellent clinical results. No revisions of the prostheses were performed. Using radiographic criteria, 12 femoral components met the criteria for bone ingrowth, seven were considered stable with fibrous fixation, and one femoral component was loose. When good initial femoral component fit was achieved, bone ingrowth reliably followed. Three acetabular components showed migration on serial radiographs. A high rate of acetabular component wear and osteolysis was noted. Avascular necrosis has been shown to adversely affect the outcome of hip arthroplasty surgery. Previous studies of patients with advanced AVN undergoing cemented THA report a high incidence of component loosening. Literature on the results of cementless THA in this patient group is sparse. The study demonstrates encouraging clinical results for cementless THA in steroid-induced AVN. Reliable femoral component fixation occurred if a good initial component fit was achieved; however, long-term acetabular loosening and wear remain serious concerns.

MeSH terms

  • Acetabulum
  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones / adverse effects
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Corrosion
  • Femur Head Necrosis / chemically induced
  • Femur Head Necrosis / surgery*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hip Joint / diagnostic imaging
  • Hip Prosthesis*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Osseointegration
  • Prosthesis Failure
  • Radiography

Substances

  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones