Pharmacokinetics of desipramine coadministered with sertraline or fluoxetine

J Clin Psychopharmacol. 1994 Apr;14(2):90-8.

Abstract

The pharmacokinetic interactions of sertraline and fluoxetine with the tricyclic antidepressant desipramine were studied in 18 healthy male volunteers phenotyped as extensive metabolizers of dextromethorphan. Concentrations in plasma were determined after 7 days of desipramine (50 mg/day) dosing alone, during the 21 days of desipramine and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) coadministration (fluoxetine, 20 mg/day; sertraline, 50 mg/day), and for 21 days of continued desipramine administration after SSRI discontinuation. Desipramine Cmax was increased 4.0-fold versus 31% and AUC0-24 was increased 4.8-fold versus 23% for fluoxetine versus sertraline, respectively, relative to baseline after 3 weeks of coadministration. Desipramine trough concentrations approached baseline within 1 week of sertraline discontinuation but remained elevated for the 3-week follow-up period after fluoxetine discontinuation. Concentrations of SSRIs and their metabolites correlated significantly with desipramine concentration changes (for fluoxetine/norfluoxetine, r = 0.94 to 0.96; p < 0.001; for sertraline/desmethylsertraline, r = 0.63; p < 0.01). Thus, sertraline had less pharmacokinetic interaction with desipramine than did fluoxetine at their respective, minimum, usually effective doses.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • 1-Naphthylamine / administration & dosage
  • 1-Naphthylamine / analogs & derivatives*
  • 1-Naphthylamine / pharmacokinetics
  • 1-Naphthylamine / pharmacology
  • Antidepressive Agents / administration & dosage
  • Antidepressive Agents / pharmacokinetics
  • Antidepressive Agents / pharmacology*
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Desipramine / administration & dosage
  • Desipramine / blood
  • Desipramine / pharmacokinetics*
  • Dextromethorphan / pharmacokinetics
  • Drug Interactions
  • Fluoxetine / administration & dosage
  • Fluoxetine / pharmacokinetics
  • Fluoxetine / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors / administration & dosage
  • Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors / pharmacokinetics
  • Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Sertraline

Substances

  • Antidepressive Agents
  • Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
  • Fluoxetine
  • Dextromethorphan
  • 1-Naphthylamine
  • Sertraline
  • Desipramine