Implications of inferior ST-segment depression in anterior acute myocardial infarction: electrocardiographic and angiographic correlation

Am Heart J. 1994 Jun;127(6):1467-73. doi: 10.1016/0002-8703(94)90372-7.


This study assesses the significance of inferior ST-segment depression during anterior acute myocardial infarction (AMI) by investigating the relationship between inferior ST-segment depression and (1) the site of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery lesion and (2) ST-segment deviation in the various anterior and lateral leads. We studied 126 patients with anterior AMI who underwent coronary angiography within 21 days of hospitalization. The admission 12-lead electrocardiograms were evaluated for ST-segment amplitude in each lead at 0.08 second after the J-point. Coronary angiography was evaluated for the site and severity of luminal narrowing of the coronary arteries. The site of the culprit lesion in the LAD artery, relative to the origin of the first septal and diagonal branches, was determined. In four patients no lesion was identified in the LAD artery. Of the remaining 122 patients, 40 and 53 patients had a LAD artery lesion proximal to the first septal and first diagonal branches, respectively. Additional luminal narrowing (> or = 70% of diameter) was found in the circumflex and the right coronary arteries in 27 and 37 patients, respectively. ST-segment depression of > 1 mm in leads II, III, and aVF was noted in 24, 29, and 24 patients, respectively. The prevalence of a LAD artery preseptal and prediagonal lesion was higher in patients with inferior ST-segment depression.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Coronary Angiography* / methods
  • Coronary Angiography* / statistics & numerical data
  • Electrocardiography* / methods
  • Electrocardiography* / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Israel / epidemiology
  • Linear Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Myocardial Infarction / diagnosis*
  • Myocardial Infarction / epidemiology
  • Retrospective Studies