The effects of a combination of aminoglutethimide (AG) 1,000 mg daily and 4-hydroxy-androstenedione (4OHA) 500 mg i.m. weekly on peripheral aromatase activity as measured by in vivo radioisotopic tracer methodology and serum oestrogen suppression were investigated in ten post-menopausal women with advanced breast cancer. Patients were treated for a minimum of 4 weeks with 4OHA before addition of AG for a minimum of 6 weeks. Aromatase inhibition was found to be nearly identical in the two treatment situations (92.5 +/- 4.7% and 93.8 +/- 3.8% respectively). There was no further significant suppression of plasma oestradiol or plasma oestrone levels when AG was added to 4OHA treatment (mean decrease of 7.6 +/- 12.1% and 2.8 +/- 12.0% respectively). In contrast, adding AG caused a further suppression of plasma oestrone sulphate (Oe1S) compared with 4OHA monotherapy (mean suppression of 35.2 +/- 9.1%, P < 0.025). This effect on Oe1S may be due to an influence of AG on oestrogen metabolism.