Alterations in growth hormone secretion and clearance in peripubertal boys with chronic renal failure and after renal transplantation. Cooperative Study Group of Pubertal development in Chronic Renal Failure

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1994 Jun;78(6):1298-306. doi: 10.1210/jcem.78.6.8200929.

Abstract

To elucidate the endocrine mechanisms underlying the pubertal growth failure observed in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF), we used deconvolution analysis to estimate the rates of GH secretion and elimination in nighttime plasma GH profiles of peripubertal boys with CRF and after renal transplantation (Tx). Forty-three boys with advanced CRF (conservative treatment with glomerular filtration rate < 25 mL/min.1.73 m2 or dialysis; CT/D group), 38 boys after Tx, and 40 healthy control boys were studied. The estimated plasma GH half-life (mean +/- SEM) was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in CRF (25 +/- 1.8 min) than in Tx patients (21 +/- 1.6 min) and controls (20 +/- 0.5 min). In the pre- and early pubertal CT/D boys, the calculated GH secretion rate was low normal or reduced when expressed in absolute numbers or normalized per unit distribution volume or body surface. In late puberty, whereas body surface-corrected GH secretion was double the prepubertal value in normal boys (389 +/- 56 vs. 868 +/- 113 micrograms/m2.11 h; P < 0.01), it did not differ significantly from the prepubertal rate in CT/D boys (281 +/- 59 vs. 389 +/- 56 micrograms/m2.11 h). GH hyposecretion resulted from a decrease in the mass of GH released within each burst, whereas burst frequency was unchanged. In the Tx group, GH secretion rates were significantly reduced in the prepubertal (221 +/- 39 micrograms/m2.11 h; P < 0.05) and late pubertal period (266 +/- 64 micrograms/m2.11 h; P < 0.01). The mass of hormone secreted per burst was significantly reduced at each pubertal stage, whereas GH secretory burst frequency tended to be increased (significant in prepubertal group, P < 0.05). The GH secretion rate was positively correlated with plasma testosterone levels (r = 0.58; P < 0.0001) in controls, but not in CT/D or Tx patients. GH secretion rates were lower than expected at each level of plasma testosterone in both patient groups except CT/D boys with plasma testosterone below 0.9 nmol/L. In the Tx group, GH secretion rate was positively correlated with relative height (r = 0.31; P < 0.05). The dosage of corticosteroids administered for immunosuppression was negatively correlated with GH burst mass (r = -0.42; P < 0.01) and GH secretion rate (r = -0.29; P = 0.08) and positively correlated with GH burst frequency (r = 0.49; P < 0.01). We conclude that in peripubertal boys with CRF, a state of GH hyposecretion is associated with an increase in the apparent plasma half-life of GH.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Child
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Growth Hormone / blood
  • Growth Hormone / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Immunoradiometric Assay
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / blood
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / physiopathology*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / surgery
  • Kidney Transplantation / physiology*
  • Male
  • Metabolic Clearance Rate
  • Puberty / blood
  • Puberty / physiology*
  • Reference Values
  • Regression Analysis
  • Testosterone / blood

Substances

  • Testosterone
  • Growth Hormone