Cisplatin plus doxorubicin plus cyclophosphamide in metastatic or recurrent thymoma: final results of an intergroup trial. The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group, Southwest Oncology Group, and Southeastern Cancer Study Group

J Clin Oncol. 1994 Jun;12(6):1164-8. doi: 10.1200/JCO.1994.12.6.1164.


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of cisplatin, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide (PAC) in patients with advanced thymoma with respect to response rate, duration of remission, and overall survival.

Patients and methods: Assessable patients with thymoma (n = 29) or thymic carcinoma (n = 1) with metastatic or locally progressive recurrent disease following radiotherapy were treated with intravenous cisplatin (50 mg/m2), doxorubicin (50 mg/m2), and cyclophosphamide (500 mg/m2) with normal saline hydration. Courses were repeated every 3 weeks for a maximum of eight cycles of therapy.

Results: Toxicity, which was primarily hematologic, was mild, with only one patient developing a fever associated with neutropenia. Three complete responses (CRs) and 12 partial responses (PRs) were observed (CR+PR rate, 50%; 95% confidence interval, 31.3% to 68.7%). Ten patients had stable disease. The median duration of response was 11.8 months (range, 0.9 to 70.5+), the time to treatment failure 18.4 months (range, 0.8 to 91.9+), and median survival time 37.7 months (range, 2 to 91.9+).

Conclusion: This trial demonstrates that objective response rates and prolonged survival can be achieved in patients with advanced thymoma.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use*
  • Cisplatin / administration & dosage
  • Cisplatin / adverse effects
  • Cyclophosphamide / administration & dosage
  • Cyclophosphamide / adverse effects
  • Doxorubicin / administration & dosage
  • Doxorubicin / adverse effects
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Survival Rate
  • Thymoma / drug therapy*
  • Thymoma / mortality
  • Thymoma / secondary
  • Thymus Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Thymus Neoplasms / mortality


  • Doxorubicin
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Cisplatin

Supplementary concepts

  • CISCA protocol