Effect of body build on weight-training-induced adaptations in body composition and muscular strength

Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1994 Apr;26(4):515-21. doi: 10.1249/00005768-199404000-00018.


The aim of the present study was to investigate whether weight-training-induced adaptations in body composition and isokinetic strength differ as a function of body build. Body build of a subject was characterized as the extent to which a person's fat-free mass index (FFMI = fat-free mass.height-2;kg.m-2) differs from the regression of FFMI over fat mass index (FMI = fat mass.height-2;kg.m-2) as derived from a sedentary male population (N = 77). From this population two groups with either a slender (N = 10) or a solid (N = 11) body build were selected. For 12 wk the subjects performed a weight-training program twice a week. Training induced a significant (P < 0.05) increase in fat-free mass (FFM) in the solid group (1.6 kg, 2.3%) in contrast with the slender group, which showed no significant change in FFM. Both groups showed comparable decreases in fat mass (FM; slender: -1.7 kg, -10.8% versus solid: -2.4 kg, -11.3%) and increases in strength (on average 13.8%). In conclusion, the increase in FFM due to a weight-training program is modified by body build. This modification, however, is restricted to a larger increase in the solidly built group.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological*
  • Adipose Tissue / anatomy & histology
  • Adult
  • Arm
  • Body Composition / physiology*
  • Body Mass Index
  • Body Weight
  • Humans
  • Knee
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscles / anatomy & histology
  • Muscles / physiology*
  • Physical Education and Training
  • Shoulder
  • Skinfold Thickness
  • Somatotypes / physiology*
  • Thigh
  • Weight Lifting / physiology*