Diagnosing obstructive lung disease. Why is differentiating COPD from asthma important?

Postgrad Med. 1994 Jun;95(8):69-70, 75-8, 83-5.

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma are the main causes of obstructive lung disease, and mortality rates of both diseases are on the increase. Smoking is the major risk factor for COPD. Airway hyperreactivity and reversibility of airflow obstruction, once considered hallmarks of asthma, may also be seen in COPD. Asthma is increasingly being recognized as a chronic inflammatory airway disease. COPD and asthma can be diagnosed through careful history taking, physical examination, spirometry, and other ancillary tests. More widespread use of peak expiratory flow rates should aid in diagnosis and monitoring.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms*
  • Asthma / diagnosis*
  • Asthma / epidemiology
  • Asthma / etiology
  • Asthma / physiopathology
  • Bronchial Hyperreactivity / physiopathology*
  • Bronchodilator Agents / therapeutic use
  • Decision Trees
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Diseases, Obstructive / classification
  • Lung Diseases, Obstructive / diagnosis*
  • Lung Diseases, Obstructive / drug therapy
  • Lung Diseases, Obstructive / epidemiology
  • Lung Diseases, Obstructive / etiology
  • Lung Diseases, Obstructive / physiopathology
  • Lung Volume Measurements
  • Male
  • Medical History Taking
  • Physical Examination
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / adverse effects
  • Spirometry

Substances

  • Bronchodilator Agents