Three cases of neonatal renal insufficiency in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants following repeated antenatal administration of indomethacin to prevent premature labor are reported. Three pregnant women received indomethacin (total doses of 150-850 mg) for 3-14 days from admission until delivery. The gestational ages and birthweights of the infants ranged from 24 to 28 weeks and 612 to 1432 g, respectively. Oliguria, early onset of hyperkalemia and prolonged renal dysfunction occurred after birth. Renal failure did not improve in one infant. Despite the efficacy of indomethacin for tocolysis in premature labor, VLBW infants born after repeated maternal administration near the time of delivery may have developed impairment of the premature kidney.