Understanding change: five-year follow-up of brief hypnotic treatment of chronic bruxism

Am J Clin Hypn. 1994 Apr;36(4):276-81. doi: 10.1080/00029157.1994.10403087.


In this paper I describe the treatment of a 63-year-old woman with a 60-year history of nocturnal bruxism. Treatment included assessment, two psychotherapy sessions, including a paradoxical behavior prescription to reduce daytime worrying, hypnotic suggestions for control of nocturnal grinding, and reinforcement of the patient's expectations for success. This case demonstrates how enduring change may occur rapidly in spite of the chronicity of a patient's complaint. Follow-up assessments at 2, 3, and 5 years revealed that she continued to be symptom-free with her self-reports corroborated by her spouse and family dentist. I discuss implications for understanding the role of hypnosis in therapeutic change.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Arousal
  • Bruxism / psychology
  • Bruxism / therapy*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Hypnosis / methods*
  • Middle Aged
  • Psychotherapy, Brief