Gender differences in completed and attempted suicides

Ann Epidemiol. 1994 Mar;4(2):152-8. doi: 10.1016/1047-2797(94)90062-0.


Attempted suicides occur primarily among women, while completed suicides occur primarily among men. Risk factors for both attempted and completed suicides include mental and addictive disorders, disrupted family environments, and precipitating events. This article presents an overview of findings on gender differences from epidemiologic studies of completed and attempted suicides, with a focus on suicide attempts among women, and discusses possible reasons for gender differences in suicidal behaviors.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Sex Factors
  • Suicide / statistics & numerical data*
  • Suicide, Attempted / statistics & numerical data
  • United States / epidemiology