Biochemical studies of three Saccharomyces cerevisiae acyl-CoA synthetases, Faa1p, Faa2p, and Faa3p

J Biol Chem. 1994 Jun 10;269(23):16348-56.


The efficiency and specificity of protein N-myristoylation appear to be influenced by the availability of myristoyl-CoA and other potential acyl-CoA substrates of myristoyl-CoA:protein N-myristoyltransferase. Recent studies have revealed that Saccharomyces cerevisiae contains at least three acyl-CoA synthetase genes (FAA for fatty acid activation). We have expressed Faa1p, Faa2p, and Faa3p in a strain of Escherichia coli that lacks its own endogenous acyl-CoA synthetase (FadD). Each S. cerevisiae acyl-CoA synthetase contained a carboxyl-terminal His tag so that it could be purified to homogeneity in a single step using nickel chelate affinity chromatography. In vitro assays of C3:0-C24:0 fatty acids indicate that Faa1p prefers C12:0-C16:0, with myristic and pentadecanoic acid (C15:0) having the highest activities. Faa2p can accommodate a wider range of acyl chain lengths: C9:0-C13:0 are preferred and have equivalent activities, although C7:0-C17:0 fatty acids are tolerated as substrates with no greater than a 2-fold variation in specific activity. The myristoyl-CoA synthetase activities of Faa1p and Faa2p are 2 orders of magnitude greater than that of Faa3p in vitro. Faa3p has a preference for C16 and C18 fatty acids with a cis-double bond at C-9-C-10. The temperature optimum for Faa1p is 30 degrees C, while Faa2p and Faa3p have the greatest activities at 25 degrees C. These in vitro observations were confirmed using two in vivo assays: (i) measurement of the ability of each S. cerevisiae acyl-CoA synthetase to direct the incorporation of exogenously derived tritiated myristate, palmitate, or oleate into cellular phospholipids produced in a fadD- strain of E. coli during exponential growth at 24 or 37 degrees C and (ii) measurement of the incorporation of [3H]myristate into a yeast N-myristoylprotein coexpressed with Nmt1p and Faa1p, Faa2p, or Faa3p in the fadD- strain.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Coenzyme A Ligases / genetics*
  • Coenzyme A Ligases / isolation & purification
  • Coenzyme A Ligases / metabolism*
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated / metabolism
  • Genes, Bacterial / genetics
  • Genes, Fungal / genetics*
  • Hot Temperature
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Isomerism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Myristates / metabolism
  • Oleic Acid
  • Oleic Acids / metabolism
  • Palmitates / metabolism
  • Phosphatidylglycerols / biosynthesis
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational
  • Recombinant Proteins / isolation & purification
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics*
  • Substrate Specificity


  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated
  • Myristates
  • Oleic Acids
  • Palmitates
  • Phosphatidylglycerols
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Oleic Acid
  • Coenzyme A Ligases

Associated data

  • GENBANK/X77783
  • GENBANK/Z29647