Stress, coping and health: enhancing well-being during medical school

Med Educ. 1994 Jan;28(1):8-17; discussion 55-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2923.1994.tb02679.x.


Medical education can be a health hazard for many students, and far-reaching reforms are needed to improve it. This article reviews the literature on stress, coping and health during undergraduate medical education. The conclusions drawn from this review are used as a basis for advancing recommendations to improve medical education. It is essential to incorporate the principles of health promotion and disease prevention throughout medical education in order to minimize and prevent later burn-out and impairment. Healthy medical students are likely to become healthy doctors who can then model and promote healthy lifestyles with their patients. This preventive approach to health care can lead to an improvement in our health care delivery system.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Attitude
  • Education, Medical, Undergraduate*
  • Humans
  • Mental Health
  • Personality
  • Self Concept
  • Stress, Psychological*
  • Students, Medical / psychology*
  • United States