Insulin stimulates Na+, Cl-, Ca2+, and Mg2+ transports in TAL of mouse nephron: cross-potentiation with AVP

Am J Physiol. 1993 Sep;265(3 Pt 2):F361-9. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.1993.265.3.F361.


Insulin (Ins) decreases Na+ delivery in the final urine. To determine whether the loop of Henle participates in this reduction, the effects of Ins were tested on cortical (CTAL) and medullary thick ascending limbs (MTAL) of the mouse nephron, microperfused in vitro. In the MTAL, Ins increased the transepithelial potential difference (Vt) and the Na+ and Cl- net reabsorption fluxes (JNa and JCl, respectively) in a dose-dependent manner, the threshold being below 10(-9) M. At 10(-7) M, Ins reversibly increased JNa and JCl, leaving Mg2+ and Ca2+ fluxes (JMg and JCa, respectively) close to zero. In the CTAL, 10(-7) M Ins reversibly increased Vt, JNa, JCl, JMg, and JCa. In CTAL segments perfused under asymmetrical conditions, with a bath-to-lumen-directed NaCl gradient (lumen 50 mM NaCl, bath 150 mM NaCl), addition of 10(-7) M Ins to the bath resulted in a large increase in JMg and JCa. Thus the responses of CTAL and MTAL to Ins are in all ways similar to those already reported for the adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP)-generating hormones acting on these nephron segments. When 10(-10) M arginine vasopressin (AVP) and 10(-7) M Ins were used in combination, previous addition of one hormone to the bath potentiated the response to the second hormone. In cAMP accumulation experiments, performed in the presence of a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, the amounts of cAMP formed with 10(-7) M Ins and 10(-10) M AVP (which elicit maximal physiological responses in these segments) were in the same range.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arginine Vasopressin / pharmacology*
  • Biological Transport / drug effects
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Chlorides / metabolism
  • Drug Synergism
  • Electrolytes / metabolism*
  • Electrophysiology
  • Epithelium / physiology
  • Insulin / pharmacology*
  • Kidney Cortex
  • Kidney Medulla
  • Loop of Henle / metabolism
  • Magnesium / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Nephrons / metabolism*
  • Nephrons / physiology
  • Sodium / metabolism


  • Chlorides
  • Electrolytes
  • Insulin
  • Arginine Vasopressin
  • Sodium
  • Magnesium
  • Calcium