Frequency and volume of resistance training: effect on cervical extension strength

Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1993 Oct;74(10):1080-6. doi: 10.1016/0003-9993(93)90065-i.


Quantification of cervical extension (CERV EXT) strength is complicated by the inability to stabilize the torso and isolate the CERV EXT muscles. A newly developed machine designed to stabilize the torso and isolate the CERV EXT muscles was used to evaluate the effect of frequency and volume of resistance training on CERV EXT strength. Fifty men (age, 26 +/- 9 years; height, 174 +/- 16 cm; weight, 74 +/- 9 kg) and 28 women (age, 30 +/- 9 years; height, 152 +/- 32 cm; weight, 62 +/- 7 kg) volunteered to participate. Subjects were randomly stratified to one of four training groups or a control group (CONT, n = 19) that did not train. Each training group exercised for 12 weeks as follows; once per week using one set of dynamic exercise (DYN 1x/wk, n = 14), once per week using one set of DYN and one set of maximal isometric (IM) exercise at eight angles through a 126 degrees-range of CERV EXT (DYN-IM 1x/wk, n = 16), DYN 2x/wk (n = 19), or DYN-IM 2x/wk (n = 10). Maximal IM torque was measured at eight angles initially and after 12 weeks of training. All training groups improved CERV EXT strength (p < or = 0.05) at all angles tested compared to the CONT except for DYN once per week at 0 degree of CERV flexion. A greater increase in strength was found when the groups that trained two times a week were compared to those that trained once per week.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Cervical Vertebrae / injuries
  • Cervical Vertebrae / physiology
  • Exercise Therapy* / methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neck Muscles / physiology*
  • Physical Exertion*
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Spinal Injuries / rehabilitation