Gastric surgery in morbid obesity. Outcome in patients aged 55 years and older

Arch Surg. 1993 Oct;128(10):1153-7. doi: 10.1001/archsurg.1993.01420220073010.


Objective: To evaluate long-term outcome of gastric restrictive surgery in morbidly obese patients aged 55 years and older.

Design: Retrospective review with 3- to 13-year postoperative follow-up. Average follow-up 6 years.

Setting: Private surgical practice with bariatric surgery specialty.

Study participants: Eighty-eight morbidity obese patients, 73 women and 15 men, aged 55 years and older.

Intervention: Between 1977 and 1989, 77 patients had Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, four had vertical banded gastroplasty, and seven had silicone ring vertical gastroplasty.

Main outcome measures: Weight loss, change in incidence of comorbidity, and reduction in medication use.

Results: Patients had an average of 57% excess body weight loss, lost 31 kg, and decreased their body mass index by 12 kg/m2. There was a 20% to 48% reduction in the number of patients requiring medication for obesity-related disorders (eg, diabetes mellitus and hypertension). Body mass index of less than 30 kg/m2 was achieved and maintained by 42% of patients.

Conclusion: This form of therapy is appropriate for selected patients in the older age groups.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Gastroplasty*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity, Morbid / complications*
  • Obesity, Morbid / physiopathology
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stomach / surgery
  • Stomach Diseases / complications*
  • Stomach Diseases / surgery*
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Weight Loss