The application of mitochondrial DNA typing to the study of white Caucasian genetic identification

Int J Legal Med. 1993;106(2):85-90. doi: 10.1007/BF01225046.


Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from 100 unrelated British White Caucasians was extracted, amplified and directly sequenced. Sequences of approximately 800 nucleotides were obtained from 2 hypervariable segments within the non-coding region of the mitochondrial genome. A total of 91 different sequences were observed with an average nucleotide diversity of 1.1%. The most diverse pair of sequences differed at 3.6% of their nucleotide (nt) sites. Comparison to a consensus reference sequence showed that each region was polymorphic to a similar extent. Different methods of genetic analysis were used to examine the variation in each region, including pairwise comparisons, which demonstrated that although the data did not fit a Poisson distribution, the fit was closer to a Negative Binomial distribution.

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • DNA, Mitochondrial / genetics*
  • England
  • Genetics, Population
  • Humans
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction*
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Wales
  • White People / genetics*


  • DNA, Mitochondrial