The use of the laser in the treatment of arterio-venous malformations and vascular tumours of the liver

Eur J Pediatr Surg. 1993 Aug;3(4):217-23. doi: 10.1055/s-2008-1063547.


Vascular tumours of the liver present variously in the paediatric age group. Their clinical course depends on tumour size, its growth characteristics, localization and complications. The most feared complications are cardiac failure and the Kasabach-Merritt syndrome which may occur in up to 50% of affected children. In haemangioendotheliomata and capillary haemangiomata spontaneous regression can be expected. Regression may be stimulated by x-ray radiation therapy, corticosteroids, Endoxane or alpha Interferon. Emergency percutaneous catheter embolization or operation must be carried out in the event of such complications. The Nd:YAG laser is particularly well suited for these cases. In all events, careful interdisciplinary cooperation among paediatricians, radiologists, cardiologists, oncologists and paediatric surgeons is required owing to threatening complications which mostly occur in neonates and infants.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones / therapeutic use
  • Arteriovenous Fistula / diagnosis
  • Arteriovenous Fistula / therapy*
  • Catheter Ablation
  • Embolization, Therapeutic
  • Female
  • Hemangioendothelioma / diagnosis
  • Hemangioendothelioma / therapy*
  • Hemangioma, Capillary / diagnosis
  • Hemangioma, Capillary / therapy*
  • Hemangioma, Cavernous / diagnosis
  • Hemangioma, Cavernous / therapy*
  • Hepatic Artery / abnormalities
  • Hepatic Veins / abnormalities
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Laser Therapy
  • Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Liver Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Male
  • Remission Induction
  • Remission, Spontaneous
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed


  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones