Effects of Sustained-Release Isradipine on Blood Pressure and Peripheral Hemodynamics in Hypertensive Patients

Clin Ther. Jul-Aug 1993;15(4):705-13.

Abstract

In a double-blind crossover study, 16 hypertensive patients (mean age, 41 years) were randomly assigned to receive placebo or 5 mg of an extended-release formulation of isradipine for 30 days. Blood pressure and heart rate were recorded by an automatic device and hemodynamics measured by a duplex scanner and plethysmography. After the first dose and after 30 days' treatment with isradipine, blood pressure was significantly reduced (mean arterial pressure 4 hours after the first dose, 106 +/- 3 vs 120 +/- 4 mmHg, P < 0.01; 22 hours after the last dose, 108 +/- 3 mmHg, P < 0.01) with no significant changes in heart rate. The compliance of the brachial artery was significantly increased (2.823 +/- 0.358 vs 1.204 +/- 0.156 dyn-1.cm4.10(-7), P < 0.002) and the characteristic impedence decreased (49 +/- 6 vs 91 +/- 12 dyn.s.cm-5.10(2), P < 0.05) as well as local resistances (71 +/- 5.6 vs 198 +/- 18 mmHg.ml-1.s, P < 0.001). After 30 days of isradipine treatment, 22 hours after the last dose, compliance was still increased (2.575 +/- 0.453 dyn-1.cm4.10(-7), P < 0.01) whereas impedance and forearm vascular resistances were reduced (59 +/- 8 dyn.s.cm-5.10(2), P < 0.05, and 97 +/- 14 mmHg.ml-1.s, P < 0.001, respectively). The results indicate that sustained-release isradipine ensures good blood pressure control up to the time of the following dose and restores the large artery dumping function against cyclic variations in intraluminal pressure.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects*
  • Brachial Artery / drug effects
  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Heart Rate / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / drug therapy*
  • Isradipine / administration & dosage
  • Isradipine / therapeutic use*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged

Substances

  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Isradipine