Biofeedback training in disordered defecation. A critical review

Dig Dis Sci. 1993 Nov;38(11):1953-60. doi: 10.1007/BF01297069.


For 20 years now, biofeedback applications in the treatment of fecal incontinence and, more recently, chronic constipation in adults have proven that improvement of anorectal function can be achieved in a majority of patients. Despite this evidence, the definitive mode of action of biofeedback training remains obscure but may include improvement of both motor and sensory functions of the anorectum. In addition, behavioral modification of individual defecatory behavior in these patients may be effective as well. The long-term results of such treatment need to be tested in future research.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anal Canal / physiology
  • Behavior Therapy
  • Biofeedback, Psychology*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Constipation / therapy*
  • Electromyography
  • Fecal Incontinence / therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Manometry
  • Middle Aged
  • Treatment Outcome