Cone dysfunction and supernormal scotopic electroretinogram with a high-intensity stimulus. A report of three cases

Doc Ophthalmol. 1993;84(1):71-81. doi: 10.1007/BF01203284.


An unusual form of scotopic electroretinogram with a bright white stimulus, which consisted of a rectangular a-wave of normal amplitude and a b-wave of supernormal amplitude, was recorded in three patients with cone dysfunction. In addition to poor visual acuity, abnormal color vision and reduced amplitude of the photopic electroretinogram, these patients showed a 2-log unit elevation of the dark-adaptation threshold. Funduscopic examination and fluorescein angiography revealed fine granular pigment disturbances at the macula. The relationship between the response of the dark-adapted electroretinogram versus stimulus intensity was unique to these patients. The b-wave thresholds were elevated by 1 log unit. The b-waves were reduced in amplitude and markedly delayed in implicit time to dim stimuli, but supernormal in amplitude and normal in implicit time to bright stimuli.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Color Vision Defects / physiopathology
  • Dark Adaptation
  • Electroretinography*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Retinal Cone Photoreceptor Cells / physiopathology*
  • Retinal Degeneration / genetics
  • Retinal Degeneration / physiopathology*
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa / physiopathology
  • Sensory Thresholds
  • Visual Acuity