Regulation of keratinocyte growth, differentiation, and vitamin D metabolism by analogs of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D

J Invest Dermatol. 1993 Nov;101(5):713-8. doi: 10.1111/1523-1747.ep12371681.


1,25(OH)2D has numerous actions on many tissues. Analogs of 1,25(OH)2D are being sought that are selective, to further an understanding of the mechanisms of action of 1,25(OH)2D and to improve its therapeutic efficacy. Toward these ends we examined eight analogs of 1,25(OH)2D for their ability to regulate 25OHD metabolism by keratinocytes. Choosing the three most potent, we then examined their ability to inhibit keratinocyte proliferation, stimulate cornified envelope formation (a marker of differentiation), and bind to the 1,25(OH)2D receptor (VDR). 1,25(OH)2-24F2-D, 1,25(OH)2-delta 16-D, and 1,25(OH)2-delta 16,23yne-D proved the most potent in inhibiting 1,25(OH)2D production and stimulating 24,25(OH)2D production, being approximately 10-100 times more potent than 1,25(OH)2D itself. 1,25(OH)2-delta 16-D had the highest affinity for the VDR (fourfold higher than that for 1,25(OH)2D itself) and had the greatest ability both to inhibit proliferation and to stimulate differentiation. 1,25(OH)2-delta 16,23yne-D also had a higher affinity for the VDR but was of less or equal potency in stimulating cornified envelope formation and inhibiting proliferation. 1,25(OH)2-24F2-D, which was the most potent regulator of 25OHD metabolism, had a lower affinity for the VDR and was less potent than 1,25(OH)2D in inhibiting proliferation. Our results indicate that even in the same cell different analogs have different rank orders of potency for the various actions of 1,25(OH)2D.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Calcifediol / metabolism
  • Calcitriol / analogs & derivatives
  • Calcitriol / pharmacology*
  • Cell Differentiation / drug effects
  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Keratinocytes / cytology
  • Keratinocytes / drug effects*
  • Keratinocytes / metabolism
  • Receptors, Calcitriol / analysis
  • Receptors, Calcitriol / physiology
  • Vitamin D / metabolism*


  • Receptors, Calcitriol
  • Vitamin D
  • Calcitriol
  • Calcifediol