Binding of fluvastatin to blood cells and plasma proteins

J Pharm Sci. 1993 Sep;82(9):942-7. doi: 10.1002/jps.2600820914.


The binding of fluvastatin, an inhibitor of hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, to plasma proteins and red blood cells of rat, dog, and human in vitro was determined by ultrafiltration. Additionally, the stereospecificity of fluvastatin binding to proteins and the potential interaction between fluvastatin and the highly protein bound drugs warfarin, salicylic acid, and glyburide were investigated. Only a small fraction of fluvastatin in blood was taken up by the blood cells, amounting to 19-33% in the rat and < or = 15% in dog and humans. The plasma:blood fluvastatin ratio in these species at 37 degrees C was > or = 1.4. In human blood, this ratio was temperature independent. In the plasma concentration range 25-50,000 ng/mL, fluvastatin was > or = 98% bound to proteins. The binding was concentration dependent in the rat, but not in the dog and human. Both enantiomers of fluvastatin were > 99% bound in normal human plasma, the binding of each being unaffected by the presence of the other. A major fluvastatin-binding protein in human plasma was albumin, whereas binding to alpha 1-acid glycoprotein was relatively weak and concentration dependent. At therapeutic concentrations in normal human plasma, the protein binding of fluvastatin (0.1 microgram/mL) was unaffected by warfarin (1-10 micrograms/mL), salicylic acid (50-150 micrograms/mL), and glyburide (0.1-1 micrograms/mL). Similarly, fluvastatin had no influence on the binding of these compounds. In diluted human albumin solution (29 microM), bound fluvastatin was displaced by all three co-solutes tested.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anticholesteremic Agents / blood*
  • Blood Proteins / metabolism*
  • Dogs
  • Erythrocytes / metabolism
  • Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated / blood*
  • Fluvastatin
  • Glyburide / blood
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Indoles / blood*
  • Kinetics
  • Orosomucoid / metabolism
  • Protein Binding
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Salicylates / blood
  • Salicylic Acid
  • Serum Albumin / metabolism
  • Stereoisomerism
  • Temperature
  • Ultrafiltration
  • Warfarin / blood


  • Anticholesteremic Agents
  • Blood Proteins
  • Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated
  • Indoles
  • Orosomucoid
  • Salicylates
  • Serum Albumin
  • Fluvastatin
  • Warfarin
  • Salicylic Acid
  • Glyburide