Sensitivity of three median-to-ulnar comparative tests in diagnosis of mild carpal tunnel syndrome

Muscle Nerve. 1993 Dec;16(12):1366-73. doi: 10.1002/mus.880161215.


We studied 193 hands of 113 patients referred for typical carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Ninety-five (49%) hands had normal median distal motor latency (< or = 4.2 ms) and normal or borderline sensory conduction velocity from digit 2 stimulation (> or = 45 m/s). In these cases we performed three median to ulnar comparative tests: (1) difference between median and ulnar distal motor latencies recorded from the second lumbrical and interossei muscles (2L-INT); (2) difference between median and ulnar sensory latencies from digit 4 stimulation (D4M-D4U); and (3) difference between median and ulnar mixed nerve latencies from palmar stimulation (PM-PU). The 2L-INT difference was > or = 0.6 ms in 10% of hands. PM-PU and D4M-D4U were > or = 0.5 ms in 56% and 77% of hands, respectively. The greater sensitivity of D4M-D4U might be explained by the funicular topography and consequent greater susceptibility to compression of the cutaneous fibers from the third interspace which, at the distal carpal tunnel, are clumped superficially in the anteroulnar portion of the median nerve just beneath the transverse ligament.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Action Potentials
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome / diagnosis*
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome / physiopathology*
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Median Nerve / physiology
  • Median Nerve / physiopathology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Motor Neurons / physiology
  • Neural Conduction*
  • Reference Values
  • Time Factors
  • Ulnar Nerve / physiology
  • Ulnar Nerve / physiopathology*