Passive smoking and lung function in cystic fibrosis

Am Rev Respir Dis. 1993 Nov;148(5):1266-71. doi: 10.1164/ajrccm/148.5.1266.


The relationship between passive exposure to cigarette smoking and objective measures of health was examined in 340 patients with cystic fibrosis attending a large hospital-based clinic. Patients who came from households with smokers did not differ from those living in smoke-free households in terms of nutritional status, clinical scores, spirometry, or colonization with Pseudomonas. The number of cigarettes smoked in the household was not significantly related to nutritional status, clinical score, spirometry, or hospitalization. Similar results were found when children 6 to 11 yr of age were analyzed separately, except that height percentile was negatively related to the number of cigarettes smoked in the household. The effects of household exposure to cigarette smoke were further evaluated by analyzing changes in nutritional status, clinical score, and spirometry over a 15-yr period among patients whose families never, always, stopped, or started smoking during this time. Height percentile increased slightly during this interval among those whose households never smoked, whereas no change occurred among patients whose households always smoked, and a decline was seen among patients whose households quit. These differences were statistically significant. Patients whose households never smoked had consistently higher pulmonary function measurements than did patients whose families always smoked, although the differences were not statistically significant. The rates of decline were similar in these two groups. Patients whose households stopped smoking had significantly lower pulmonary functions at the end of the study than did subjects whose households never smoked.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Cystic Fibrosis / physiopathology*
  • Forced Expiratory Volume
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Maximal Midexpiratory Flow Rate
  • Respiratory Mechanics*
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution / adverse effects*
  • Vital Capacity


  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution