Low levels of total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein, and apolipoprotein A1 in association with anticardiolipin antibodies in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

Arthritis Rheum. 1993 Nov;36(11):1566-74. doi: 10.1002/art.1780361111.


Objective: To determine if there is an association between low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), apolipoprotein A1 (Apo A1), total cholesterol, and anticardiolipin antibody (aCL) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who are not taking corticosteroids.

Methods: We studied 75 outpatients with documented SLE who were attending our hospital clinics: 57 were aCL positive and 18 were aCL negative. Both IgG and IgM aCL levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Lipid fractions (total cholesterol, HDL, low-density lipoprotein, very-low-density lipoprotein, and triglycerides) were determined by standard enzymatic techniques. Apo A1 and Apo B levels were determined by nephelometry.

Results: Patients with SLE who were IgG aCL+ had low levels of serum cholesterol (mean +/- SD 173.6 +/- 34.6 mg/dl) and HDL (43.9 +/- 16.3 mg/dl) compared with aCL- SLE patients, normal donors, and patients with other diseases. Apo A1 levels were also low in the aCL+ group (95.5 +/- 50.9 mg/dl) compared with the aCL- group (152.7 +/- 32.6 mg/dl). There was no association of total cholesterol level or aCL titer with clinical activity.

Conclusion: These data indicate that in SLE patients, there is an association between antibody against the phospholipid cardiolipin and low levels of cholesterol, HDL, and Apo A1.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antibodies, Anticardiolipin / blood*
  • Apolipoprotein A-I / analysis*
  • Apolipoproteins B / analysis
  • Child
  • Cholesterol / blood*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin G / chemistry
  • Immunoglobulin G / immunology
  • Immunoglobulin M / immunology
  • Lipoproteins, HDL / blood*
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / blood*
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / immunology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged


  • Antibodies, Anticardiolipin
  • Apolipoprotein A-I
  • Apolipoproteins B
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Immunoglobulin M
  • Lipoproteins, HDL
  • Cholesterol