Fetal and neonatal hematologic parameters in red cell alloimmunization: predicting the need for late neonatal transfusions

Fetal Diagn Ther. 1993 May-Jun;8(3):161-4. doi: 10.1159/000263816.


The purpose of this study was to determine whether the need for late neonatal transfusion can be predicted in fetuses who received intrauterine transfusions. The records of 36 patients who underwent intrauterine transfusion were reviewed. Newborns who required late transfusions had a lower reticulocyte count at their last intrauterine transfusion, a longer duration between their lowest fetal reticulocyte count and delivery, and a higher umbilical cord blood hemoglobin and percent adult red cells on Kleihauer-Betke stain at delivery. The need for late transfusions appears to be related to the extent and duration of fetal bone marrow suppression.

MeSH terms

  • Bilirubin / analysis
  • Blood Transfusion*
  • Blood Transfusion, Intrauterine
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Erythroblastosis, Fetal / blood*
  • Erythroblastosis, Fetal / etiology
  • Erythroblastosis, Fetal / therapy
  • Erythrocyte Count
  • Exchange Transfusion, Whole Blood
  • Female
  • Fetal Blood / chemistry
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hematocrit
  • Hemoglobins / analysis
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic*
  • Reticulocytes
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Rh Isoimmunization / complications*


  • Hemoglobins
  • Bilirubin