Lysis-centrifugation blood cultures in the detection of tissue-proven invasive candidiasis. Disseminated versus single-organ infection

Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. Aug-Sep 1993;17(2):103-9. doi: 10.1016/0732-8893(93)90020-8.

Abstract

Several studies have demonstrated significantly higher frequency and more rapid detection of candidemia with blood culture methods performed by lysis-centrifugation (LC) in comparison with other techniques. Little is known, however, about the ability of LC blood culture methods to detect tissue-proven invasive candidiasis. We therefore investigated the sensitivity of LC blood cultures in the detection of tissue-proven invasive candidiasis. Between 1985 and 1991, invasive candidiasis was detected in 41 (5.1%) of 803 autopsies at the Clinical Center of the National Institutes of Health (Bethesda, MD, USA). Cases were classified as single-organ (SO) candidiasis (n = 20) and as disseminated candidiasis (DI) (n = 21). Patients with DI were more likely than those with SO to have a hematologic malignancy (71% vs 15%, P < 0.001) and to have gastrointestinal mucosal candidiasis (76% vs 25%, P = 0.003). LC detected fungemia in 16 (43%) of all 37 cases with blood cultures. When analyzed by classification, Candida spp. were isolated from blood in 11 (58%) of 19 patients with DI and in five (28%) of 18 patients with SO (P = 0.13). When analyzed by number of organs infected, blood cultures were positive in seven (78%) of nine patients with > 3 organs infected by Candida in comparison to five (28%) of 18 patients with one organ infected (P = 0.024). The mean recovery time for Candida in blood cultures was 2.6 days in DI and 3.2 days in SO (P = 0.017). There was no difference in colonies of organisms per LC tube between patients with DI and those with SO.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Candidiasis / diagnosis*
  • Centrifugation
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Colony Count, Microbial
  • Culture Media
  • Digestive System / microbiology*
  • Female
  • Fungemia / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Kidney / microbiology
  • Lung / microbiology
  • Lung Diseases, Fungal / diagnosis
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sensitivity and Specificity

Substances

  • Culture Media