Assessing smoking patterns and motives

J Consult Clin Psychol. 1993 Oct;61(5):732-42. doi: 10.1037//0022-006x.61.5.732.


This article focuses on measures used to assess smoking patterns and motives. Self-report typology scales demonstrate a remarkably stable factor structure and good reliability. However, self-monitoring studies suggest that typology scales do not accurately assess smoking patterns and do not provide a good basis for treatment planning. Nevertheless, typology scores are correlated with variables such as smoking rate, craving, and cessation outcomes. These correlations may largely be accounted for by a common underlying factor, here labeled smoking drive, which may serve as a measure of dependence. Finally, the article briefly introduces new methods for assessing smoking patterns using palm-top computers to track smoking and other stimuli in real time. These methods may provide more valid assessment of smoking patterns.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Depression / diagnosis
  • Depression / psychology
  • Humans
  • Microcomputers
  • Motivation*
  • Personality Assessment / statistics & numerical data*
  • Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data
  • Psychometrics
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Self Disclosure
  • Smoking / adverse effects
  • Smoking / psychology*