Physiology and pathophysiology of gallbladder motility

Surg Clin North Am. 1993 Dec;73(6):1267-90. doi: 10.1016/s0039-6109(16)46191-8.


Most significant gallbladder disease is associated with gallbladder stasis. Gallbladder motility is controlled by a complex interplay of hormonal and neural factors. Experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated impaired motility in gallstone disease, and experimental evidence indicates that motility disturbances precede gallstone formation. The ability to measure gallbladder motility clinically has also resulted in better diagnosis and treatment for patients with chronic acalculous cholecystitis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cholecystitis / physiopathology
  • Cholelithiasis / physiopathology
  • Gallbladder / physiology*
  • Gallbladder / physiopathology
  • Gallbladder Emptying / physiology*
  • Humans