The influence of study habits on myopia in Jewish teenagers

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1993 Sep-Oct;30(5):319-22. doi: 10.3928/0191-3913-19930901-12.


The prevalence and degree of myopia were measured in 870 teenagers, males and females. We found a statistically significant higher prevalence and degree of myopia in a group of 193 Orthodox Jewish male students who differed from the rest in their study habits. Orthodox schooling is characterized by sustained near vision and frequent changes in accommodation due to the swaying habit during study and the variety of print size. A possible myopic effect of this unique visual demand is postulated.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Israel
  • Jews*
  • Judaism
  • Learning*
  • Male
  • Myopia / ethnology*
  • Myopia / psychology
  • Prevalence
  • Refraction, Ocular
  • Schools