Compliance during sessions and homework in exposure-based treatment of agoraphobia

Behav Res Ther. 1993 Nov;31(8):767-73. doi: 10.1016/0005-7967(93)90007-h.


The relationship between compliance with cognitive-behavioral treatment instructions and outcome was examined for 56 agoraphobic clients treated with in vivo exposure and training in anxiety management strategies. Clients who complied more often with anxiety management instructions during treatment sessions tended to improve more on a behavioral avoidance test than those who were less compliant, but did not differ on three other outcome variables. Compliance with instructions for self-directed exposure between sessions was examined in a subset of 28 of these Ss. Clients who spent more time doing homework reported significantly greater decrements in fear of fear than less compliant clients and also tended to report larger changes on avoidance behavior. However, a quasi-experimental comparison of homework vs no-homework treatment protocols yielded no difference in outcome. Less compliant clients were more symptomatic pretreatment and rated their therapists as less caring and less self-confident.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Agoraphobia / diagnosis*
  • Agoraphobia / therapy
  • Avoidance Learning
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Patient Compliance*
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Task Performance and Analysis
  • Treatment Outcome