Water transport model during CAPD: determination of parameters

Kidney Int. 1993 Oct;44(4):700-7. doi: 10.1038/ki.1993.303.


To minimize the total amount of glucose required for removing the same volume of water as a bolus, a continuous infusion of glucose during CAPD was proposed and studied. Both a computer simulation of water transport through the peritoneal membrane and in vivo assessment with rats were carried out to evaluate the feasibility of the newly proposed mathematical model in which lymphatic drainage of dialysate from the peritoneal cavity to lymphatic system was considered in addition to conventional water transport. Mass transport area coefficients (KA) of 0.041 to 0.063 ml/min/100 g body wt and 0.045 to 0.066 ml/min/100 g body wt were measured for glucose and urea during CAPD with male Wistar rats. Hydraulic conductivity of peritoneal membrane (Lc) was 7.9 x 10(-5) to 1.5 x 10(-4) ml/min/mm Hg/100 g body wt, which was calculated by a linear relationship between volume and osmotic pressure. Simulated water transport model using determined parameters indicated that the ratio of lymphatic transport to convective transport would be changeable in CAPD with glucose infusion at varying infusion rates, while up to 16% of the glucose uptake could be reduced compared with that of the common CAPD at the same dwell time.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biological Transport
  • Computer Simulation
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Models, Biological*
  • Peritoneal Cavity / physiology
  • Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory*
  • Pressure
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Water / metabolism*


  • Water