Return to work for persons following severe traumatic brain injury. Supported employment outcomes after five years

Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 1993 Dec;72(6):355-63.


Supported employment is a recently developed rehabilitation alternative that is being used to assist individuals with traumatic brain injury to return to work. The present study reports the results of a supported employment program that has placed 80 individuals into competitive employment during a 5-year time period. All individuals had sustained a severe traumatic brain injury; 72% of the injuries involved a motor vehicle. A mean of 6.1 years had passed since injury for all participants, who had been unconscious an average of 48 days. Neuropsychologic evaluation revealed defective cognitive functioning, which contributed to diminished employment potential. A key outcome indicator used to assess return to work capacity is the monthly employment ratio, which is computed by dividing the number of months employed during an employment phase (i.e., pre/post injury) by the total possible months an individual would have the opportunity to be employed. The monthly employment ratio increased from 13% after injury with no supported employment to 67% with supported employment services. The majority of individuals were employed in warehouse, clerical and service-related occupations. A mean of 250 staff intervention hours were required to train and provide follow-up services to program participants.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Brain Injuries / rehabilitation*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Employment, Supported*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Long-Term Care
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Program Evaluation
  • Rehabilitation, Vocational*
  • Southeastern United States
  • Time Factors
  • Vocational Education