ADP-ribosylation factor, a small GTP-dependent regulatory protein, stimulates phospholipase D activity

Cell. 1993 Dec 17;75(6):1137-44. doi: 10.1016/0092-8674(93)90323-i.


The hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine by phospholipase D (PLD) results in the production of phosphatidic acid and choline. An assay that uses an exogenous substrate was developed to measure this activity in membranes and solubilized preparations from HL60 cells. A cytosolic factor markedly enhanced PLD activity in membranes and was essential for GTP gamma S-dependent stimulation of an enriched preparation of PLD. The factor was purified to homogeneity from bovine brain cytosol and identified as a member of the ADP-Ribosylation Factor (ARF) subfamily of small G proteins. Subsequently, recombinant myristoylated ARF1 was found to be a better activator of PLD activity than was the nonmyristoylated form. ARF proteins have been implicated recently as factors for regulation of intracellular vesicle traffic. The current finding suggests that PLD activity plays a prominent role in the action of ARF and that ARF may be a key component in the generation of second messengers via phospholipase D.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • ADP-Ribosylation Factor 1
  • ADP-Ribosylation Factors
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Brain / metabolism*
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism
  • Cattle
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Membrane / enzymology
  • Cytosol / metabolism
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / isolation & purification
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Guanosine 5'-O-(3-Thiotriphosphate) / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Hydrolysis
  • Kinetics
  • Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phospholipase D / isolation & purification
  • Phospholipase D / metabolism*
  • Second Messenger Systems
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Carrier Proteins
  • Guanosine 5'-O-(3-Thiotriphosphate)
  • Phospholipase D
  • GTP-Binding Proteins
  • ADP-Ribosylation Factor 1
  • ADP-Ribosylation Factors