Intragastric distribution and gastric emptying of solids and liquids in functional dyspepsia. Lack of influence of symptom subgroups and H. pylori-associated gastritis

Dig Dis Sci. 1993 Dec;38(12):2247-54. doi: 10.1007/BF01299904.


The relative contributions of altered gastric motor function and Helicobacter pylori-associated active chronic gastritis to the pathogenesis of functional dyspepsia are controversial. We therefore evaluated scintigraphically the intragastric distribution and gastric emptying of a mixed solid-liquid meal in 75 patients with functional dyspepsia; patients were subdivided on the basis of both specific symptom clusters and the presence or absence of H. pylori gastritis. Twenty-one (28%) patients displayed abnormal solid and/or liquid gastric emptying, with prolonged solid lag time the most prominent alteration detected. The number of patients with abnormal scintigraphic patterns increased to 36 (48%) when intragastric distribution parameters (fundal half-emptying time and antral maximal fraction) were examined. Although patients with reflux-like dyspepsia (N = 36) demonstrated significantly slower rates of liquid emptying at 45 and 70 min and a higher prevalence of abnormal liquid intragastric distribution when compared to patients with motility-like dyspepsia (N = 39) or to controls (N = 34), the absolute differences were small and unlikely to be of clinical significance. Patients without H. pylori gastritis (N = 50) demonstrated a significantly more prolonged solid lag time when compared to those with H. pylori gastritis (N = 25), but the difference was small and there were no other differences between these two subgroups.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Chronic Disease
  • Dyspepsia / diagnostic imaging
  • Dyspepsia / etiology
  • Dyspepsia / physiopathology*
  • Female
  • Food
  • Gastric Emptying / physiology*
  • Gastritis / microbiology
  • Gastritis / physiopathology*
  • Helicobacter Infections / physiopathology*
  • Helicobacter pylori*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Sex Factors